Baylor Scott & White Health Temple, TX, United States
Lancaster Weld, DO, Victoria Jaeger, DO, Vani Paleti, MD Baylor Scott & White Health, Temple, TX
Introduction: Chilaiditi’s sign was first defined over one hundred years ago by Demetrius Chilaiditi. Chilaiditi sign has a 0.025% to 0.28% incidence worldwide with a male to female ratio of 4:1. The bowel segments most commonly found interposed between the liver and diaphragm are the colonic hepatic flexure and transverse colon, however interposition of the small bowel can also occur. The following criteria must be met to diagnose Chilaiditi sign based on radiological findings: the right hemidiaphragm must be elevated above the liver by the intestine, the bowel must be distended by air to illustrate pseudo-pneumoperitoneum, and the superior margin of the liver must be depressed below the level of the left hemidiaphragm.
Case Description/Methods: A 75 year-old-male presented with right sided flank pain for the past 9 months. He denied symptoms of nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, change in appetite, unexplained weight change, night sweats, melena or hematochezia. He reported chronic intermittent constipation, but he typically stooled daily or every other day. He had normal colonoscopy one year prior. Due to chronic nature of his pain, CT abdomen and pelvis was obtained. It showed anterior interposition of the hepatic flexure of the colon along the liver and right hemidiaphragm; this may be seen with Chilaiditi syndrome (figure 1). Surgical correction was discussed, but conservative measures including diet, stool softeners, and exercise to promote weight loss and bowel regularity was instituted with resolution of gastrointestinal symptoms.
Patients with anatomical variants including absence, laxity, or elongation of the suspensory ligament are at increased risk for developing pathologic interposition.
In patients with Chilaiditi syndrome, most common presenting symptoms abdominal pain, abdominal distention, nausea, emesis, constipation, and obstipation.
The differential of Chilaiditi syndrome includes bowel obstruction, volvulus, intussusception, ischemic bowel, diverticulitis, appendicitis, subphrenic abscess, and pneumoperitoneum.
In asymptomatic patients with Chilaiditi sign, treatment is usually conservative with stool softeners/laxatives and no interventions needed.
Surgical intervention is indicated when the obstruction does not resolve with conservative management or there is evidence of bowel ischemia. The appropriate surgical approach depends on which segment of colon is interposed.
Figure: Figure 1
Disclosures: Lancaster Weld indicated no relevant financial relationships. Victoria Jaeger indicated no relevant financial relationships. Vani Paleti indicated no relevant financial relationships.
Lancaster Weld, DO, Victoria Jaeger, DO, Vani Paleti, MD. P1262 - Chilaiditi Syndrome: A Case Report, ACG 2021 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. Las Vegas, Nevada: American College of Gastroenterology.