University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics Coralville, IA, United States
Zhibo An, MD, PhD1, Alan Gunderson, MD2, Tomohiro Tanaka, MD3 1University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics, Coralville, IA; 2University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics, Iowa City, IA; 3University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA
Introduction: Post‐colonoscopy appendicitis has been reported as an extremely rare complication with estimated incidence of 0.038%. To our best knowledge, post-sigmoidoscopy appendicitis has not been described in the literature. Here we present an exceptionally rare case of post-flexible sigmoidoscopy appendicitis.
Case Description/Methods: A 53-year-old male with a past medical history of depression, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obstructive sleep apnea, and Non-ST elevation myocardial infarction, presented to GI clinic to evaluate for a 6-month history of intermittent painless rectal bleed. Two years prior he had screening colonoscopy noting only left-sided diverticulosis and a 4-5 mm rectal tubular adenoma which was removed by cold snare polypectomy. To further evaluate his rectal bleed, he underwent a sigmoidoscopy with an adult gastroscope and air insufflation to 45-50 cm from anal verge, noting only small internal hemorrhoids. The following morning, he developed a sudden onset of persistent right lower quadrant abdominal cramping, which later radiated to his bladder and groin. When he presented to the emergency room for evaluation that afternoon, he had developed rebound tenderness, involuntary muscular guarding, and a positive psoas sign. His objective data were notable for T 97.3°F (36.3°C) and WBC 13.5 x 103/µL. CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis with IV and oral contrast revealed mild fat stranding around the base of the appendix, suggestive of acute appendicitis. The patient underwent a laparoscopic appendectomy that evening. Intraoperatively, the appendix was observed as non-perforated with dilation and inflammation. His post-operative course was uneventful. The pathology report revealed acute appendicitis with serositis. A follow-up colonoscopy found sigmoid diverticulosis and small hemorrhoids and the cecum including appendiceal orifice appeared intact.
Discussion: Proposed mechanism of post‐colonoscopy appendicitis include faecolith introduction to the appendiceal orifice, barotrauma secondary to insufflation, or exacerbation of subclinical disease during the procedure. However, the same complication has not been documented following flexible sigmoidoscopy. Based on our first case report of post-sigmoidoscopy appendicitis, although it is unclear whether this could have been a coincidence or an incidental detection of a subacute or chronic appendicitis, it might be reasonable to include appendicitis as a differential diagnosis in any patients presenting with acute abdomen following sigmoidoscopy.
Zhibo An indicated no relevant financial relationships.
Alan Gunderson indicated no relevant financial relationships.
Tomohiro Tanaka indicated no relevant financial relationships.
Zhibo An, MD, PhD1, Alan Gunderson, MD2, Tomohiro Tanaka, MD3. P1507 - Post-Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Appendicitis: A Case Report, ACG 2021 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. Las Vegas, Nevada: American College of Gastroenterology.