University of Michigan School of Dentistry Ypsilanti, MI, United States
Valerie Nieto, RDH, MS, Stefanie VanDuine, RDH, MS, Kristin M. Peltz, RDH, BSDH, Danielle Rulli, RDH, MS, DHSc University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, MI
Introduction: Gastroparesis (GP) is a rare gastric motility disorder and its effects on oral health are not well documented. The goal of this study was to assess the perceived oral health status, patterns, and practices of persons diagnosed with GP.
Methods: A 21-item electronic survey was developed and disseminated to a private GP social media forum. Survey questions explored perceptions of oral health status, self-reported untreated dental concerns and dental treatments post GP diagnosis, frequency of GP symptoms, and whether healthcare professionals educate oral health risk factors associated with GP. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze data.
Results: There were 434 study participants. The majority reported GP negatively impacted their teeth (83%) and gums (72%). Over half (63%) reported untreated dental concerns, of which, decay (74%), tooth pain (65%), erosion (57%), broken teeth (51%), and missing teeth (48%) were reported. Of post-diagnosis preventive dental care, prophylaxis (74%) and prescription fluoride (30%) were reported. Dental treatments included fillings (52%), extractions (43%), crowns (30%) and prostheses (27%). Nearly three quarters reported they have never been educated about oral health risks associated with GP by any healthcare professionals. Significance was observed between frequency of GP symptoms and perceptions of oral health status (p< 0.001).
Discussion: GP impairs digestive processes, often resulting in health disparities. The oral cavity initiates digestion, yet little is known about the oral health status of GP suffers. This study provides key insight on GP and oral health. Furthermore, it sheds light on the need for more research on this topic.
Valerie Nieto indicated no relevant financial relationships.
Stefanie VanDuine indicated no relevant financial relationships.
Kristin Peltz indicated no relevant financial relationships.
Danielle Rulli indicated no relevant financial relationships.
Valerie Nieto, RDH, MS, Stefanie VanDuine, RDH, MS, Kristin M. Peltz, RDH, BSDH, Danielle Rulli, RDH, MS, DHSc. P3084 - Self-Reported Oral Health Status of Persons Diagnosed With Gastroparesis: A Cross-Sectional Study, ACG 2021 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. Las Vegas, Nevada: American College of Gastroenterology.