McLaren Greater Lansing Lansing, MI, United States
Lauren A. Lyssy, DO1, Nicholas Daane, DO1, Siaka Yusuf, MD2 1McLaren Greater Lansing, Lansing, MI; 2Michigan Gastroenterology Institute, Lansing, MI
Introduction: Phlegmonous gastritis (PG) is a rare, but serious, condition characterized by bacterial infection of the gastric wall. Since 1862, less than 500 cases of PG have been reported in the literature, limiting knowledge of its management. We discuss a case of PG in a previously healthy female who was successfully treated with a combination of medical and surgical therapies.
Case Description/Methods: A 32-year-old female presented to the emergency department with 10 days of worsening epigastric pain, fever, chills, and nausea. Symptoms onset after consuming a seafood platter containing shrimp, scallops, crab, and crawfish from a local restaurant. She had no significant past medical history. CT demonstrated heterogeneously enhancing wall thickening of the distal stomach and the first portion of the duodenum with adjacent fat stranding. Lab work was significant for leukocytosis and elevated CRP. Following admission, the patient was empirically started on piperacillin-tazobactam with general surgery and gastroenterology consulted. On hospital day 2, an EGD was performed which showed a raised lesion in the antrum with central ulceration and an overlying yellow exudate. Biopsies of the lesion were consistent with active gastritis with cryptitis. No organisms, including H pylori, were visualized on routine stains. MRI revealed a 7.5 x 4.3 cm mass in the gastric antrum with central necrosis and multiple septations. EGD with EUS on hospital day 6 noted a mass in the antrum arising from the muscular layer with areas of necrosis. FNA was performed, showing gastric columnar cells, smooth muscle fragments, and a cluster of bland-appearing spindle cells. The following day, she underwent an open distal gastrectomy with Billroth I reconstruction. Significant adhesions and a desmoid reaction involving the distal stomach to the falciform ligament was present. Tissue pathology showed a perforated ulcer with perigastric abscess and acute serositis. No malignant cells were identified. The post-operative course was uncomplicated, and the patient was discharged home on hospital day 11.
Discussion: This case highlights the need to consider PG in the differential diagnosis of persistent abdominal pain, although patients may lack classic risk factors for this condition, such as immunosuppression or recent intervention. Discussion should be prompted regarding the optimal treatment regimen for PG, as there are currently no guidelines regarding standardized therapy.
Figure: Raised lesion with central ulceration in the gastric antrum after removal of overlying exudate.
Disclosures: Lauren Lyssy indicated no relevant financial relationships. Nicholas Daane indicated no relevant financial relationships. Siaka Yusuf indicated no relevant financial relationships.
Lauren A. Lyssy, DO1, Nicholas Daane, DO1, Siaka Yusuf, MD2. P3122 - Diagnosis and Management of Phlegmonous Gastritis in a Young Female Without Predisposing Risk Factors, ACG 2021 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. Las Vegas, Nevada: American College of Gastroenterology.