University of Virginia Health System Charlottesville, VA, United States
William Bigelow, MD1, Mark Radlinksi, MD1, Amy Doran, MD2, Nicole Calautti, 3 1University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA; 2University of Virginia Digestive Health Center, Charlottesville, VA; 3University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA
Introduction: Common complications associated with percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement include aspiration, bleeding, leakage, irritation, abdominal pain, and infection. Previous case reports have described the PEG site as a location for metastatic malignancy, especially in the setting of head and neck cancers (often an indication for PEG placement). We present a rare case of primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) which developed in the setting of long-term PEG placement.
Case Description/Methods: Patient is a 51-year-old woman with developmental delay and dystonia secondary to DYT1 gene mutation. Given her developmental delay, a PEG was placed for nutritional support and had been in place for thirty-two years. She presented with a 2-cm abscess at her PEG site and was discharged with oral antibiotics following incision and drainage (I+D). She noted persistent leakage of bloody and foul-smelling drainage from her PEG tube (figure 1). She returned with worsening irritation surrounding the PEG site and was noted to have a 5x7 cm area of erythema with overlying fluctuant abscess. Again, she underwent I+D and was started on IV antibiotics. Cross sectional imaging demonstrated irregular soft tissue thickening involving the greater curvature of the stomach, adjacent to the PEG site, extending into the gastrostomy tube tract. A biopsy of the skin surrounding the PEG tube was performed and demonstrated well-differentiated and invasive SCC. A subsequent PET scan showed locally invasive disease with PEG site involvement extending into the abdominal wall. There were no additional areas concerning for malignancy (no indications of an alternative primary site). Given the burden of locally invasive disease, surgical resection was deferred and she was offered palliative radiation.
Discussion: The development of SCC at the PEG site is an uncommon occurrence and previous case reports typically describe these events as metastasis from a head/neck primary site. There has been at least one additional documented case of primary SCC at the PEG site but this occurred in an immunosuppressed patient. Chronic irritation of the skin, which is a known complication of PEG placement, possibly contributed to the development of SCC in this patient. Aggressive wound care and close monitoring for suspicious mucosal changes should be considered in patients with long-term PEG placement.
Figure: Squamous Cell Carcinoma along the PEG site
William Bigelow indicated no relevant financial relationships.
Mark Radlinksi indicated no relevant financial relationships.
Amy Doran indicated no relevant financial relationships.
Nicole Calautti indicated no relevant financial relationships.
William Bigelow, MD1, Mark Radlinksi, MD1, Amy Doran, MD2, Nicole Calautti, 3. P1480 - Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma as a Long-Term Complication of Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Placement, ACG 2021 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. Las Vegas, Nevada: American College of Gastroenterology.