University of Kansas Medical Center Kansas City, KS, United States
Mahmoud Y. Madi, MD1, Manar Y. Shahwan, MD2, Mouhanna Abu Ghanimeh, MD3, Andrew Watson, MD3 1University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS; 2other, Kansas City, KS; 3Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI
Introduction: Lymphangiomas are a rare group of benign tumors arising from blockage of the lymphatic system. Pancreatic lymphangiomas are rare tumors comprising 1% of abdominal lymphangiomas. We present a case of a middle-aged woman with abdominal pain who was found to have pancreatic lymphangioma.
Case Description/Methods: A 46-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain to an outside facility. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen showed a 3- cm, well-rounded cystic lesion in the pancreatic head. The patient was referred to us for further evaluation. A contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen confirmed the lesion with a measured diameter of 3.28 cm (Figure 1, Panel A). Upper endoscopy was preformed showing patchy erythematous gastropathy. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) revealed an anechoic lesion suggestive of a cyst in the uncinate process of the pancreas which corresponded to the cystic lesion seen on MRI (Figure 1, Panel B) measuring 36 mm by 34 mm. Diagnostic and therapeutic needle aspiration for fluid was performed with 17 mL of opaque, white, chylous-appearing fluid was obtained (Figure 1, Panel C). The pancreatic duct was regular in contour and was non dilated. The pancreas was well visualized, no pathologic lymphadenopathy, masses, or calcifications. Fluid analysis showed an amylase level of 248 units/L, a triglycerides level of 880 mg/dl, and cytology was negative for malignant cells. Microscopic evaluation of the aspirated fluids indicated that the cyst aspirate consists of numerous lymphocytes with background fibrin and rare macrophages; neutrophils are absent. The aspirate findings would be compatible with lymphangioma.
Discussion: Lymphangiomas are rare benign neoplasms of lymphatic origin. They occur more frequently in children and typically arise in the head and neck area. Pancreatic lymphangiomas are exceedingly rare and appear to have higher incidence in women compared to men. The presentation varies and largely depends on the size and location of the tumor with vague abdominal pain and a palpable mass being possible presenting features. Diagnosis is often made by means of imaging including CT, MRI, and EUS. Pathological evaluation and immunohistochemical staining confirm the diagnosis. Surgery is the mainstay for treatment, if needed.
Figure: Figure 1: Panel A: MRI of the abdomen showing a well-defined cystic lesion in the head of the pancreas measuring 32.8 mm in its largest dimension. Panel B: An anechoic lesion suggestive of a cyst was identified in the uncinate process of the pancreas with no communication to the pancreatic duct. Panel C: White, chylous-appearing fluid was aspirated from the pancreatic cystic lesion.
Disclosures: Mahmoud Madi indicated no relevant financial relationships. Manar Shahwan indicated no relevant financial relationships. Mouhanna Abu Ghanimeh indicated no relevant financial relationships. Andrew Watson indicated no relevant financial relationships.
Mahmoud Y. Madi, MD1, Manar Y. Shahwan, MD2, Mouhanna Abu Ghanimeh, MD3, Andrew Watson, MD3. P0046 - A Rare Cause of Abdominal Pain: Pancreatic Lymphangioma, ACG 2021 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. Las Vegas, Nevada: American College of Gastroenterology.